Modern Greek names have various sources, from Ancient Greece and Greek mythology to the Byzantine Empire and Christian tradition.
Male names usually end in –ας –ης and – ος, but sometimes the Ancient Greek format is kept.
Female names mostly end in –α and –η with a few exceptions ending in –ώ and –ου.
Greek last names are usually patronymics, meaning that they were formed by the name of a male ancestor. Other traits may also influence how a Greek surname was created, usually occupation, characteristics of an ancestor or based on location. The feminine version of Greek surnames is usually the genitive of the father’s or husband’s name. So, for the male surname Georgiades, the feminine equivalent is Georgiadou.
Ancient Greek names for boys include Achilles (Αχιλλέας), Alexander (Αλέξανδρος), Aristides (Αριστείδης), Diogenes (Διογένης), Dionysios (Διονύσιος), Euripides (Ευριπίδης), Heracles (Ηρακλής), Leonidas (Λεωνίδας), Menelaus (Μενέλαος), Nestor (Νέστωρ), Nikolaos (Νικόλαος), Orestis (Ορέστης), Pericles (Περικλής), Philip (Φίλιππος), and Socrates (Σωκράτης).
List of the most common surnames in Greece